Wednesday, September 21, 2022

From the special operation to the partial mobilization... What is the significance of Putin's latest decision?

    Wednesday, September 21, 2022   No comments

Today, Wednesday, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree declaring partial mobilization in the Russian Federation.

Partial mobilization is based on the implementation of the recruitment of citizens of the Russian Federation who have previous military experience, or who have undergone military courses in the army, and have a certain level of training, to participate in the fighting in Ukraine, without asking the general public. This is what distinguishes it from the general mobilization that affects all segments of society between the ages of 18 and 50.

Military service contracts concluded by military personnel in this case are based on a specific material allowance, and they are valid until the end of the partial mobilization period.


In light of this decision, senior officials in Russia, according to the official document of the declaration, must ensure conscription through partial mobilization within the time limits set by the Ministry of Defense. In the event that there are not a number of people wishing to join, the state takes a decision to compel any person who has military experience, or who has completed a specific course, to join the military.


Putin's declaration of bold mobilization in Russia means that the Russian leadership has taken a decision to move from the stage of a "special operation" to declaring "protecting Russia's sovereignty" in the face of the West.


A "special operation" is an operation based on a specific category of the army, which carries out specific and clear military action. In the case of the Russian military operation, the goal was only to "eliminate Nazism in Ukraine". Now the battle has entered the stage of the "war on Ukraine", which is a comprehensive battle related to the sovereignty of Russia itself, and not only the threat from Ukraine, and groups of the people, not the army alone, and the various categories of the army, not specific teams or groups of it, will fight together over the A wide geography, and within a country or group of other countries.


In the war, the battle will refrain from targeting only specific areas, as happened in the "special operation", and the war will develop into a broader field that may include, according to expectations, targeting Crimea, infrastructure, and decision centers in Kyiv. If Kherson, Zaporizhia and the Donbass are included, the battles in them will become battles within what is considered "Russian territory".


According to Putin, Russia is ready to use "all means" to protect its territory, including Moscow's willingness to use weapons of mass destruction if it is forced to make such a decision.


The announcement of the decision, today, reflects Russia's quest to achieve specific goals before the start of the winter season, on the one hand, and on the other hand, the end of the last phase and the start of a new phase of the conflict in Ukraine. Undoubtedly, it will carry an escalation against the West, which Putin called in his speech today the "enemy" that will be "fighting to protect Russia."


The Russian President said during a televised speech on Wednesday that his country "will support the decision that the residents of Donbass, Zaporozhye and Kherson will take on their future," referring to the referendum's support for the accession of these regions to the Russian Federation.


In a speech on the Russian military operation in Ukraine today, Wednesday, Putin added that there are "anti-Russian plans in Ukraine, as they turned the Ukrainian people against Russia," explaining that the Ukrainian army planned "to launch operations against Donbass and launch an attack on Crimea, and for this we launched Operation in Donbass.


The Russian president considered that "those who fight in the Donbass are professional heroes and volunteers who defend Russia and Donbass," stressing that the Russian forces "liberated the largest part of the lands of Kherson and Zaporozhye, according to the established plan."


The Russian president indicated that "Kyiv has obtained an order to undermine the proposals for a peaceful solution," explaining that "Washington, Germany and others give orders to Kiev against Russia."


He continued, "The West has crossed all lines in its hostile policy against Russia, and we constantly hear threats against our country and people."


Putin addressed the situation in the areas controlled by the Russian army, and said that "the citizens of the liberated areas do not want to be under Nazi rule," adding: "We cannot abandon the people of the land. That is why the parliament in Donbass took a decision in a referendum for self-determination and accession." to Russia".


He considered that "the threat to the Zaporozhye plant is a nuclear threat... Russia has a nuclear weapon, and we will use all means to protect Russia's territory."


The Russian President stressed that anyone who threatens his country's territory and the unity of his country "will be confronted by Russia."

...

Meanwhile, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said that his country "is at war, not only with Ukraine, but also with the collective West."


"Ukraine is increasingly using Western weapons to strike civilians," Shoigu added, noting that "Kyiv has already lost half of its army," and that "its losses exceed one hundred thousand," in addition to the killing of "more than 2,000 mercenaries."


And he considered that "the West has crossed all limits in its policy of hostility to Russia." Also, the Russian Defense Minister revealed that "300,000 people from the reserves were called up when partial mobilization."


Yesterday, Tuesday, the President of the Lugansk People's Republic, Leonid Pasechnik, signed a law "on the conduct of a referendum on the accession of the Lugansk People's Republic to the Russian Federation."


Last Monday, the Public Chamber of the Lugansk People's Republic submitted a request to President Leonid Pasechnik and the People's Assembly, to immediately organize a popular poll to recognize the republic as a Russian entity.


Also, the head of the administration of the Kherson province, Vladimir Saldo, announced his approval to hold a popular referendum on the accession of the province to Russia, while the head of the administration of the Zaporozhye region Yevgeny Palitsky announced, on Tuesday, that the referendum on the province's accession to Russia will take place from 23 to 27 September. 



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