Friday, July 13, 2018

Saudi authorities arrest Sheikh Safar Ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Hawali, and sons, for criticizing rulers domestic and foreign policies

    Friday, July 13, 2018   No comments
Human rights campaigners and online activists said on Thursday that Sheikh Safar Ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Hawali had been detained, without providing further details.
However, some of his followers believe that he was arrested because of his views that were expressed in a 3000 page eBook released last week. In the book al-Hawali is highly critical of Saudi foreign and domestic policies and military interventions in the region.

The book, Muslims and Western Civilization, is available only in Arabic at this point, is available in the public domain and can be read below.


Hawali is a leading figure in Saudi Arabia's Sahwa (Awakening) movement, which opposes the presence of US troops in the Arabian Peninsula.

In the 1990s, Hawali was jailed for opposing the Saudi ties with US troops leading a military operation in Kuwait. In 1993, he was banned from public speaking and dismissed from his academic posts on suspicion of attempting to incite civil disobedience. In 1994, the Islamic scholar was once again arrested, but was soon released.

Last month, Saudi authorities detained a number of prominent women’s rights advocates, just days before lifting the decades-long ban on women's driving.

Hundreds of influential Saudi businessmen and members of the royal family were also rounded up in November 2017 in an alleged “anti-corruption campaign” spearheaded by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

Bin Salman was appointed the first in line to the Saudi throne by his father, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, last June.

Since then, he has engaged in a string of radical economic and social projects in a bid to portray himself as “reformist.” However, those projects have been widely seen as being more about consolidating his personal power rather than bringing about real change to Saudi Arabia.


Read News report about the arrest of al-Hawali

__________________
 

المسلمون والحضارة الغربية




Wednesday, July 11, 2018

Is the the presence of and military operations of Russia, the United States and Israel in Syria Legal?

    Wednesday, July 11, 2018   No comments

That question was asked The scientific in the German Bundestag. The answer was released and found that, while Russia's presence may be legal because it was operating per request of the Syrian government, the presence of and operations carried out by others is illegal. 

The 13-page report was released Tuesday as reported by Germany based AWDNEWS. The summary and the report are made available below.



English summary as provided by AWDNEWS:


The Scientific Services of the German Bundestag are the equivalent to the Congressional Research Service in the United States. Members of Parliament can ask the services to give their neutral expert opinions on legal questions and other issues. Opinions by the Scientific Services are held in high regard.

Alexander Neu, a Member of Parliament for the Left Party in Germany, requested an opinion on the legality of the military presence and operations by Russia, the United States and Israel in Syria.

The result (pdf, in German) is quite clear-cut:

- Russia was asked by the recognized government of Syria to help. Its presence in Syria is without doubt legal under International Law.

- U.S. activities in Syria can be seen as two phases:

Regime Change

The provision of arms to insurgents in Syria by the U.S. (and others) was and is illegal. It is a breach of the Prohibition on the Use of Force in international law specifically of the UN Charter Article 2(4):

    All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.

Fight against ISIS

The U.S. argues that its presence in Syria is in (collective) self-defense under Article 51 of the UN Charter because the Islamic State in Syria threatens to attack the United States. That, in itself, would be insufficient as Syria is a sovereign state. The U.S. therefore additionally claims that the Syrian state is "unwilling or unable" to fight against the Islamic State.

The Scientific Services says that the claim of "unwilling or unable" was already dubious when the U.S. operation started. This for two reasons:

    It is not law or an internationally accepted legal doctrine. (The 120 members of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) and others have argued strongly against it.)
    The Syrian government itself was fighting ISIS, but it could not operation in large parts of its territory where the Islamic State had taken control. Some argue that this justified the "unable" argument. But ISIS is largely defeated and it no longer has any significant territorial control.

The already dubious legal case for the presence of U.S. (and other 'coalition' troops in Syria) can thus no longer be made. The U.S. presence in Syria is illegal.

- Israel's attacks on Hizbullah and Iranian units and installations in Syria, as well as against Syria itself, are claimed by Israel to be 'anticipatory self-defense' under UN Charter Article 51. But 'anticipatory self-defense' could only be claimed when attacks against Israel were imminent. That case has not been made. The Israeli attacks are thus 'pre-emptive self defense' which is not an accepted doctrine of International Law.

The service was not asked for an opinion on Turkey's incursion into Syria but it notes that claims of 'self defense', as Turkey makes in its fight against Kurdish entities in Syria, are often abuses for Geo-strategic purposes.
____________


Most popular articles


ISR +


Frequently Used Labels and Topics

A Week in Review Academic Integrity Adana Agreement afghanistan Africa al-Azhar Algeria All Apartheid apostasy Arab Spring Armenia Arts and Entertainment Asia Bangladesh BRICS Brotherhood CAF Canada Caspian Sea Chechnya China CIA Civil society colonialism communism Conflict Constitutionalism Contras Corruption Coups Crimea Crimes against humanity Democracy Despotism Diplomacy Dissent Dmitry Medvedev Economics and Finance Economy Education and Communication Egypt Elections energy environment Erdogan Europe Events FIFA FIFA World Cup FIFA World Cup Qatar 2020 Food Football France freedom of speech Gaza GCC GDP Genocide geopolitics Germany Global Security Globalism globalization Greece Grozny Conference Hamas Health hijab History and Civilizations Human Rights Huquq Ideas IGOs Immigration Imperialism Imperialismm india Indonesia Instrumentalized Human Rights Inter International Affairs International Law Iran IranDeal Iraq ISIL Islam in America Islam in China Islam in Europe Islam in Russia Islam Today Islamic economics Islamic law Islamic Societies Islamism Islamophobia Jordan Journalism Khamenei Kurdistan Law and Society Lebanon Libya Majoritarianism Malaysia mass killings Media Media Bias Middle East Military Affairs Morocco Muslim Ban Muslim Women and Leadership Muslims Muslims in Europe Muslims Today Nationalism NATO Nelson Mandela Nicaragua Nigeria North America North Korea Nuclear Deal Nusra OPEC+ Pakistan Palestine Poland Politics and Government Populism Poverty Propaganda Prophet Muhammad Protests Public Health Putin Qatar Quran Racism Raisi Regime Change religion and conflict Religion and Culture Religion and Politics religion and society Resistance Rohingya Genocide Russia Salafism Sanctions Saudi Arabia Science and Technology SCO Sectarianism security sharia Sharia-compliant financial products Shia Soccer socialism Southwest Asia and North Africa Space War Sports Sports and Politics Supremacy SWANA Syria terrorism Tourism transportation Tunisia Turkey Turkiye U.S. Foreign Policy UAE uk ukraine UN United States Uprisings US Foreign Policy USA Volga Bulgaria wahhabism War and Peace War Crimes West Western Civilization Western Sahara WMDs women rights World and Communities Yemen Zionism

Search for old news

Find Articles by year, month hierarchy

_______________________________________________

Copyright © Islamic Societies Review. All rights reserved.